The Most Popular Mental Disorders
Table of Content
Now we are going to talk about top 10 mental disorders in our Top 10 List. Mental disorder is a very common problem among the people in the world. Most of the time people can’t realize its symptoms. We think we choose the right topics for our Top 10 List.
We keep this disorder in the top place in our Top 10 List. Antisocial Personality Disorder is an alteration in the perception or experience of the external world so that it seems strange or unreal. It is the name for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or DSM. DPD or Dissocial personality disorder is another name defined by the ICD or International Statistical Classification of Diseases. Though psychopathy or sociopathy has similar symptoms but scientists and doctors made clear that there are distinctive differences between them.
People having this mental disorder don’t care about others right, morals, feelings or social norms. They will do everything they can to get what they want done, even violence or manipulating others are methods for them. Some common symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder are listed below:
- Don’t care about social rules and regulation
- Don’t have any respect for others feelings and rights
- Can do anything like violence or manipulation to get what they want
- Have no remorse for their harmful actions
- Arrogant and Irresponsible
- Can’t maintain stable employment and have problem with social and financial obligations
- Reckless and Impulsive
- Low to zero care for their own or others safety
- Addiction and abuse mentality
- Can’t maintain stable relationship with family, friends or acquaintances
Causes or Reasons
There are mainly three causes or reasons for Antisocial Personality Disorder and they are genetic, physiological or environmental. There may be other causes but those causes can be listed within those three causes.
Genetic: Research about genetic behavior shows that Antisocial Personality Disorder can be genetically transferred from generation to generation. If a person has Antisocial Personality Disorder then any or some of his/her future generation members can have this problem. This problem roots within the gene so it can happen.
Physiological: If any traumatic event happens in anyone’s life then the after effect of that event can be the cause of this mental disorder. Mental shock or continuous rough situations can cause this problem. If anyone has accident, and have physical head injury then that can also cause this. Head injury can be cured but the effect it leaves on the nerves can cause this problem.
Environmental: Family environment is a strong catalyst for mental growth moderation. If someone faces continuous mental pressures and harassment within their family then that can cause or trigger the Antisocial Personality Disorder. This can also happen if school environment or job environment causes too much harassment on the mental situation.
Antisocial Personality Disorder is a complex and most difficult mental disorder to cure because the victim has low or zero remorse for their behavior and others problems. They have no motivation to change and their lie and dishonest and seductive behavior can manipulate others to do wrong. So, staff, doctors and other patients even their family members need to be extra cautious during their treatment.
There is no specific drug or medication or supplement for this personality disorder problem. Carefully created environment with best suitable place and good behavior can be good process to treat this but isn’t guaranteed solution. Regular counseling can be included with the treatment. All the treatments therapists think or invented so far are case oriented, there have been no fixed treatment yet, research still going on for a large scale. But all the treatments so far require extreme cooperation from the victims family members.
2. Anorexia Nervosa
We keep it in the 2nd place in our Top 10 List. Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disorder characterized by abnormal eating behavior, severe self-induced weight loss, and psychiatric co morbidity. People with anorexia have an extreme fear of gaining weight, which causes them to try to maintain a weight far less than normal. There are no certain causes or reasons for this mental disorder to happen. It can happen for many reasons and there are no fixed treatments or medications for this disorder. So, in a word, it is a complex mental disorder. About 2 millions people face this problem every year and around 1000 people die from it. It is common among women 0.9% to 4.4% women face this problem where only 0.2% to 0.3% men face this problem in their life time.
Symptoms and Signs
As an eating mental disorder, the victim will take less to no food fearing of overweight and the malnutrition will cause many major problems with the internal organs of their body. Victims will think themselves over weight comparing to others and often succumbs to starvation while eating less than needed. Some common symptoms and signs are listed below:
- Body measure and weight ratio too low based on age and height
- Fearing to get overweight slightly
- Taking all necessary steps to not gain an extra ounce
- Dangerously fast weight loss
- Obsession type habit to count calories and fats of everything they eat
- They can cook foods for others but don’t eat for themselves
- Obsession to have weight loss medication
- Overweight perception though aren’t actually
- Interaction with family and friends will reduce day by day
- Rapid mood swing and easily becoming angry
- Body structure changes rapidly
- Hair and nail will have disgusting figure
- Losing sense regularly and vomiting
- Having symptoms of Amenorrhea
- Overprotective of one’s personal things like social media accounts, diet procedures
- Have suicidal mentality
Those symptoms and signs aren’t the only ones, there are many other symptoms and signs of Anorexia Nervosa that you can’t think of or count so make sure to consult specialist if any of those symptoms appears.
Causes or Reasons
The main reasons or causes for Anorexia Nervosa or eating disorder is still to be discovered but there are signs that biological or genetical, developmental, psychological and sociocultural causes can become the source of this developmental. Research showed that identical twin faces this problem than regular twins. Often parents with eating disorder problems in their past life have children facing Anorexia Nervosa.
Though research is incomplete but there are some proofs that family dysfunction or early age sexual abuse can be cause of Anorexia Nervosa. Other psychological factors can also be cause of this eating disorder. The changes in the society and regular social morale changing extremely from the middle of the last century and the victims diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa also increases rapidly from them so we can safely assume that sociological changes have extreme effects on this eating disorder. We have seen and heard that many young models have died for this mental disorder so we can assume media has an effect for its rapid growth in the society.
There are no specific medication for this eating disorder. Specialists and researchers used many types of medications and drugs for this problem not nothing have effects on the level they are expecting. So, the only way to cure a person affected to the Anorexia Nervosa is identifying the problem early and giving proper treatment. The original goal of the treatment will be victim’s healthy weight restoration, psychological disorder concerning the matter treatment, and if possible eliminating the thoughts those causes the problem otherwise reduce the thoughts within safe areas.
People must take balanced diet. Every people’s food preferences are different than others but no matter what food we eat, we must eat proper mean that will provide all the needs of our body. The victim must eat high energy and caloric foods in their diet. We must make sure that the victim is getting all the nutrition he/she needs most and a balanced nutrition level will increase the body weight restoration process. Giving therapies those are based on family has more success rates than other therapies but sometimes hospitalization will be required based on the physical and mental stage and situation of the victim of Anorexia Nervosa.
3. Bulimia Nervosa
In this Top 10 List we keep Bulimia nervosa in the 3rd place. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating, or consuming a large amount of food in a short amount of time. It is a common problem to all. Bulimia nervosa is nine times more likely to occur in women than men.
Exhibitionism is also a common mental disorder and we put in 4th place in our Top 10 List. Exhibitionism is the exposure of one’s genitals to non-consenting strangers for sexual arousal or gratification. The shock of the victim provides the sexual arousal for the exhibitionist. In most cases, when no other factors are present, there is no actual contact with the victim.
5. Fregoli Delusion
In the Top 10 List of mental disorder we keep Fregoli delusion in the 5th position. Fregoli delusion is a rare psychological disorder that causes a person to believe that various people around them.
6. Ganser Syndrome
Ganser syndrome is a type of factitious disorder. People with factitious disorders act this way because of an inner need to be seen as ill or injured, not to achieve a concrete benefit, such as financial gain. This Ganser syndrome is in 6th place in our Top 10 List.
7. Gender Identity Disorder
In this Top 10 List we keep Gender identity disorder in the 7th place. Gender identity disorder is a conflict between a person’s actual physical gender and the gender that person identifies himself or herself as. For example, a person identified as a boy may actually feel and act like a girl.
In the Top 10 List of most common mental disorder we keep Hypomania in the 8th position. Hypomania is not as debilitating as mania. The person remains able to function well in day to day activities. Psychosis does not happen in hypomania.
9. Anxiety Disorder
In the Top 10 List of most common mental disorder we keep Anxiety disorder in the 9th position. Anxiety is a natural human reaction that involves mind and body. It serves an important basic survival function. Anxiety is an alarm system that is activated whenever a person perceives danger or threat.
10. Conduct Disorder
In the Top 10 List of most common mental disorder we keep Conduct disorder in the 10th place. Children are mainly affected by this problem. The behaviors of a conduct disordered child or teenager often seriously threatens the basic wellbeing, safety and legal rights of others.
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